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Other sub – dialects are Qalati, Chagai Kharani, and Makrani. [citation needed]. According to the World Factbook, Library of Congress, Oxford University, over 96% of the population of Pakistan is Muslim and the remaining 4% is Hindu, Christian, and others. [52] It shows close affinity to Punjabi and the Lahnda sub-group of Indo-Aryan tongues and can be sub-divided into a northern and southern dialects. Urdu, the country's national language, is an Indo-Aryan tongue. Its overall score has decreased by 0.2 point because of a drop in the fiscal health score. Private property is guaranteed in principle and in law. It is spoken by almost 92% of the population, making Pakistan a unique country in its choice of a national language. Share of the population of the stated age group that has pre-primary education or incomplete primary education as the highest level of educational attainment. The population of the provinces, federal territories, districts and agencies. Modern Pakistan’s population can be divided broadly into five major and several minor ethnic groups. The absence of any Avestan, an older Iranian language, loanwords in Brahui supports this hypothesis. population by sex, sex ratio, average household size and growth rate. This language change was designed to institute a universal language throughout the then British Raj in South Asia as well as minimize the influence that Persia, the Ottoman Empire and Afghanistan had on this transitional region. The population is large, but the country is small: The population of Pakistan is the fifth highest in the … Pakistan is also very close to Tajikistan, but the two countries are separated by the Wakhan Corridor in Afghanistan. Its population growth rate of 2.40 percent is the highest in South Asia and stands in sharp contrast to the 1.0–1.5 percent growth rate of other South Asian countries. Burushaski is a language isolate, spoken by Burusho people in Hunza, Nagar, Yasin, and parts of the Gilgit valleys in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. However, due to rapid urbanization and modernization, the use of Urdu as a primary language is increasing, especially amongst the growing urbanized middle class of Pakistan. They derive their roots from the Sanskrit language of Aryan invaders and are later heavily influenced by the languages of the later Muslim arrivals (i.e., Turkish, Persian, and Arabic), and are all written in a variant of either the Arabic or Nastaliq script. The remaining large groups include the Muhajir people and the Baloch people, which make up 7.57% and 3.57% of the total population, respectively. [39] Among countries that use English as an official language, Pakistan is third-most populous in the world. "LAHORE DURING THE GHANAVID PERIOD. The name Balochi or Baluchi is not found before the 10th century. [58][59][60] Majority of the Muslims practice Sunni with a significant minority of Shi'as. There are over 100,000[53] Kashmiri speakers in Pakistan. Usually concentrated in the heavily populated areas east of the Indus River, the Indo-Aryan languages and their cultures form the predominant cultural group in the country. Vicholi is considered as the standard dialect by all Sindhi speakers. Balochi spoken in Balochistan is classified as a members of the Northwestern Iranian languages. Hindkowans and the Brahui, and the various peoples of the Gilgit–Baltistan, constitute roughly 4.66% of the total population. The Brahui population of Balochistan has been taken by some as the linguistic equivalent of a relict population, perhaps indicating that Dravidian languages were formerly much more widespread and were supplanted by the incoming Indo-Aryan languages. It is the first language of most Muhajirs – Muslim refugees that arrived from different parts of India after the independence of Pakistan in 1947, and that form nearly 8% of Pakistan's population – and is an acquired language by nearly all of Pakistan's native ethnic groups. — Reuters/Files As coronavirus cases across the country rise, health authorities in Pakistan … Compiled by Ayesha Younas A Project of CSS Writing Club Pakistan’s Stance: Revolt is from Indigenous Population. [32] There are also smaller groups of Muslim immigrants from countries such as Burma, Bangladesh, Iraq, Somalia, Iran, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, among others. GDP growth, however, has been vigorous for the past five years, led by exports of cotton textiles. Pakistan population is … They are based on the results of the Pakistan Demographic Survey (PDS 2010). The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 220,892,340. Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world with its population estimated at 207.8 million in 2017. Many Arabs who took part in the Afghanistan war have now settled in Pakistan permanently with their families. The Eastern Hill Balochi or Northern Balochi are distinct dialects. The total population in Pakistan was estimated at 219.0 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. The first poetry in Urdu was by the poet Amir Khusro (1253–1325) and the first Urdu book Woh Majlis was written in 1728; the first time the word "Urdu" was used was by Sirajuddin Ali Khan Arzoo in 1741. The Goan Catholics constitute the majority of the Christians in the city.[29]. [1], Dramatic social changes have led to rapid urbanisation and the emergence of megacities. [4][5][6] Pakistan is the world's fifth-most-populous country. This group is dwindling because of its age. Home | Country Rankings | Graph The Data | Heat MapExplore the Data | Downloads | FAQs| About The Index. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 174,360 people yearly. Pakistan - Pakistan - People: The area currently occupied by Pakistan has long been a route of military conquest and an entrepôt for peoples and cultures. In the past, the country's population had a relatively high growth rate that has been changed by moderate birth rates. Pakistan’s economic freedom score is 54.8, making its economy the 135th freest in the 2020 Index. Many schools, colleges and most universities use English as the medium of instruction. The country has the sixth-largest population in the world and the second-largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia. Located on the Arabian Sea, Karachi is also known as the "City of Lights" and "The Bride of the Cities." See more from the 2020 Index. Pakistan's estimated population (excluding Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) in 2017 was 207,774,520 according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. Prime Minister Imran Khan was elected in 2018 on a pledge to root out corruption among the political elites. The exact number of Punjabi speakers in Pakistan is hard to determine since the boundaries with the closely related Hindko and Saraiki are not always clear-cut. Its overall score has decreased by 0.2 point because of a drop in the fiscal health score. Government spending has amounted to 21 percent of the country’s output (GDP) over the past three years, and budget deficits have averaged 5.5 percent of GDP. [49] However it has now been demonstrated that the Brahui could only have migrated to Balochistan from central India after 1000 CE. There are some languages that are spoken by less than a thousand people, such as Aer. population by selective age groups. Pakistan, populous and multiethnic country of South Asia. Textiles and apparel account for most export earnings, but much of the economy is informal, and underemployment remains high. Pakistan had an estimated population of 169,300,000 as of July 2007,. Most of Pakistan's languages are Indo-European languages and within the smaller Indo-Iranian sub-branch. The religious breakdown of the Pakistani population is as follows: This article is about the demographic features of the population of Pakistan. [46] Karachi is the biggest Pashto speaking city in the world although the Pashto speakers constitute only about 25% of Karachi's population.[47]. It is believed that the language was brought to its present location in a series of migrations Aleppo, Syria. The standard Punjabi variety is from Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala and Sheikhupura districts of Pakistani Punjab, and is also nowadays the language of Punjabi literature, film and music, such as Lollywood. In 2018, the total population of Pakistan amounted to approximately 200.96 million inhabitants. Pashto, Yidgha and Wakhi are Eastern Iranian languages spoken in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. In colonial times, many British linguists tried to make the claim of a possible Dravidian language origin but this has not been conclusively proven despite ongoing research in the language for a century now. [28], In 1850, the British started developing Karachi as a major port for trade and commerce, resulting in the arrival of a large number immigrants from Rajasthan, Gujarat and Goa. Read more about Pakistan Economy. The majority of southern Pakistan's population lives along the Indus River. There are two major dialect patterns within which the various individual dialects may be classified; these are Pakhto, which is the Northern (Peshawar) variety and the softer Pashto spoken in the southern areas. It is therefore a significant cultural and ethnic melting pot. This is the population pyramid for Pakistan. [27]< Saraikis (a transitional group between Punjabis and Sindhis) speaking people make up 10.53% of the total population. Sindhi is the common language of the people of Sindh in southern Pakistan and has a rich literary history of its own, traced back to the era of the early Arab arrivals. It is also spoken by the majority of the population of Dera Ismail Khan District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Kachi plain of Balochistan, northern parts of Sindh, and cities of Hyderabad and Karachi. Hyderabad Urban Area Population History. [9], Pakistan's yearly population from 1950 to 2012, with estimation since last census (1998).[10]. 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