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It is a commitment recently made by Nigeria's Minister of State for the Environment Sharon Ikeazor. MANGROVE SWAMP FOREST:this is made up of fresh and salt water swamp ii. Mangrove of the Niger Delta, Nigeria is one of the most productive systems in terms of biodiversity, and ecosystem services in the world, but because of lack of data it is often not mentioned in many literatures. Mangrove swamps (mangals) are found in tropical and subtropical tidal areas. Along the entire coastline of Nigeria lies a belt of mangrove swamp forest from 10 to 60 miles in width, which is intersected by branches of the Niger Delta and innumerable other smaller rivers and creeks. Location: The Mangrove swamp forest is found in areas along the coast especially in states like Delta, Cross River, Rivers, Akwa-Ibom, Bayelsa, Ogun and Lagos. The Central African mangroves ecoregion consists of the largest area of mangrove swamp in Africa, located on the coasts of West Africa, mainly in Nigeria. 1995;36(1):103–115. Tab. Total estimated cultivated mangrove 214,000 ha.Figure 1 Distribution of mangrove swamps in West Africa Africa - Africa - Mangrove swamp: Mangroves include a variety of species of broad-leaved, shrubby trees (10–40 feet high) that fringe muddy creeks and tidal estuaries. In Nigeria, large areas of mangroves of the Niger Delta have long been damaged by oil spill occurring regularly. The swamp dimension is approximately 105 m 9 42 m (4,410 m2). Ogar DA, Asuk SA, Umanah IE. Prince David Omaghomi, The Executive Director, Eco Restoration Foundation, stated this recently in Lagos while marking … The vegetation is homogenously red mangrove, Rhizophora Mangrove ecosystem of Nigeria is among the largest in Africa and the third largest in the world. It has tall woody trees. Beyond the swamp forest It is sprawled around 10,000 square kilometres, from Badagry in the West to Calabar in the South. The Niger River Delta is located in the southern part of Nigeria and has vegetation covering a landmass of 7.5 million ha consisting of extensive mangrove forests, brackish swamp forests, and rainforests. The mangrove forests of the Niger Delta in southern Nigeria will soon be restored. Journal of International Society for Tropical Ecology. The intertidal existence to which these trees are adapted represents the major limitation to the number of species able to thrive in their habitat. Mangrove swamp Northern limitd forest Northern limits tropical rain -of savanna Total estimated mangrove forest 1000,000 ha. The mangrove swamp links Emuoha and Kalabari. Mangrove swamps in Nigeria stretch along the entire coastline, which is characterised by high rainfall and humid conditions. The largest extent of mangroves is found in the Niger Delta between the region of Benin River in the west and the Calabar,Rio del Rey estuary in … mangrove swamp at Elibrada, Emuoha Local Government Area of Rivers State. Forest Cover Change in Stubb Some of these are the Gulf of Guinea, Bight of Biafra, Benue River, Niger River, and Niger Delta. lagbara mangrove swamp located approximately at latitude 6 720N and longitude 5 320E (Fig. It covers an area less than two kilometers in width. Saline Water Swamp This type of vegetation is limited to the coastal strip of Nigeria. However, indigenous fishing communities on the coast harvest mangrove wood for household domestic use, in particular for cooking and … Figure 10. This vegetation type can be found in areas such as Sapele in Delta State Lekki and Badagry in Lagos State and other coastal areas in … A mangrove swamp is a distinct saline woodland or shrubland habitat formed by mangrove trees in brackish tidal water. and Pachymelania aurita at the Rumuolumeni mangrove swamp creek in the Nigeria, Niger Delta sub-region. Nigeria contains the most extensive mangrove ecosystem of any country in West Africa, comprising nearly 50 percent of the total mangroves of the region. Nigeria has a total land mass of 923,768sq/km; 918,768sq/kmbeing terrestrial land and 13000 sq They require warm saline water—hence their distribution along tropical coastlines. The mangrove swamp is accessible through Elibrada junction. They are identified with the mangrove swamps located around the delta region of River Niger and Cross River. Apart from the coastal areas, oysters are virtually World Bank (1998) report on land-use changes in Nigeria indicated that undisturbed forest including rainforests and savanna woodlands which The mangrove ecosystems in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria play a very important ecological role while providing a variety of services for human well-being. This vegetation type can be found in areas such as Sapele, Lekki, and Badagry. Oyster meat fetches high prices in Europe, North America and Japan. Eastern Nigeria contains many different bodies of water. MANGROVE ZONE (SALT WATER SWAMP) Salt water swamp is found in the coastal regions of the country. The coastal areas consist of freshwater swamp, mangrove swamp, beachridges, sand bars, lagoons marshes and tidal channels. Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Atlantic Equatorial Stressed swamp vegetation, showing Typha australis (i) and stunted A. germinans (ii-iii) at the middle cohabiting with Paspalum vaginatum at Berger De Motz, Lagos, Nigeria. The Pressures Facing Nigeria’s Mangrove Ecosystem Nigeria has the largest mangrove ecosystem in Africa, and the Cross River mangrove is one of the most important in the country. This study was carried out to investigate the size composition, growth pattern, diets, and reproductive biology of G. pelii from Abule-Eledu mangrove swamp in Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria. About 18 percent of the area identified as mangrove falls within designated TROPICAL RAIN FOREST 2. The region is known for its richness in biodiversity as well as its oil and gas resources. It Mangrove Soils of the Creek Town, Calabar River Swamp, South Eastern Nigeria. 1. The mangrove oyster Crassostrea gasar is a regular harvest of coastal swamp areas in Nigeria. The largest expanse of mangroves is found in the Niger Delta between the region of the Benin River in the west and the Calabar, Rio del Rey estuary in the east. Mangrove forests are typical group of salt tolerant that occupy the inter-tidal zone of sheltered coasts around estuaries and lagoons. The mangrove ecosystem of the Niger Delta situated in the lower tidal floodplain includes more than 20 large estuaries and 7700 km 2 of mangrove forests, comprising more than 70% of Nigeria’s estimated 10,000 km 2 , ). At the northern part of this region is fresh water swamp. Mangrove swamps in Nigeria stretch along the entire coast and are found in nine of the thirty six states. It is said that up to 1.5 million tons of oil has been leaked there in the past 50 years. The Niger Delta in Nigeria is the largest wetland in Africa and the third largest mangrove forest in the world. Ukpong IE. Areas where mangroves occur include estuaries and marine shorelines. The forest zone is located in the southern part of Nigeria. Often they form nearly impenetrable stands, for which the easiest access is by … 1). Characteristics Of Swamp Forest 1. 3. SAVANNA: The savanna zones of Nigeria is made up of grass land and is further sub-divided into three main belt Nigeria and in need of clear policies is the mangrove, despite its huge potential. Nigeria Area under mangrove Rice swamp rice (ha) area (%) 90 O00 80 10 O00 52 64 O00 12 10 O00 20 35 O00 6 5 O00 - Rice Production 80 54 18 16 12 Source : WARDA, 1983. They are characterized by depositional coastal environments, where fine sediments (often with high organic content) collect in areas protected from high-energy wave action. It has become standard, almost ritualized, procedure, to blame the destruction of Nigeria’s mangrove swamp—and almost all other environmental problems—on the oil companies. Guinea, Bight of Biafra, Benue River, Niger River, Badagry... 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