Algeria accounts for 2.4 percent of global gas production. Can be used for coloring. Corals and sponges are used in industrial applications. Industrialization, population growth, the war of independence, and the civil war of the 1990s have left their traces in the landscape and the ecosystem. Currently, 72.6 % of the population of Algeria is urban (31,236,431 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in Algeria is 18 people per Km 2 (47 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 2,381,740 Km2 (919,595 sq. On the other side of the Atlas, the High Plains (Hauts Plateaux) form a semi-arid zone. In the 1970s especially, the government put much effort into creating a ‘green barrier’ of trees at the borders of the Sahara in order to slow down the desert’s northward expansion. The central area of the Mzab valley, with its main town, Ghardaïa, has historically been home to the Ibadi religious minority, constituting a successful trading community. Find worksheets about Geography of Algeria. In addition, precious metals are found in the remote corners of the desert. Although economic development has always dominated the agenda, the state now acts more forcefully on environmental issues. Situated in North Africa, Algeria is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea in the north, Tunisia and Libya toward the east, Mauritania, Niger and Mali in the south, and Morocco in the west. Algeria comprises 2,381,741 square kilometers of land, more than four-fifths of which is desert, in northern Africa, between Morocco and Tunisia. These chotts are marshes (often salty) in low-lying areas. Tuaregs are nomadic Berber people from the … Over the years, however, the awareness of desertification and the environmental impact of economic activities has grown. The Mediterranean Sea lies to the north. After it was destroyed by an earthquake in 1954, it was rebuilt after the war of independence and renamed al-Asnam but suffered the same fate in 1980, leaving thousands dead. To the north is a hilly and narrow coastal plain along the Mediterranean Sea with a few small rivers. Because this region also includes the most cultivated, urbanized, and industrialized parts of the country, its environment is under pressure. Conquering armies, such as those of Carthage and Rome in ancient times and the Turks much later, were attracted by the bays, because they could serve as natural harbours for their merchant and war fleets. In contrast, the Sahara has seen the creation of some large nature reserves in order to protect fragile ecosystems. Constantine 448,028 4. During the French colonial era, this region became an important source of grains and fruits such as oranges and figs. As the Prime Meridian passes through the country, it has territory in both the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Algiers is the most populous one and hosts the national capital of Algiers. This has obliged the country to make substantial investments in water management. Algerian wine can be found in some major restaurants in the big cities and is also being exported in limited quantities. "). A View of Chamomile flowers inside olive groves in the endagered rural province of Redjas.jpg 2,048 × … Among these species are lizards and snakes and some insects, but also a few mammals, such as antelopes, jackals, desert rats, and foxes. Featuring ALGERIA!! Geography and Climate of Morocco . In ancient times Algeria was known as Numidia. Algeria is bordered by Tunisia, Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Western Sahara, and Morocco. Mali, Mauritania, and Western Sahara lie to the southwest. Some years later, large deposits of natural gas were found near Hassi R’Mel. The map illustrates Algeria's landscape which consists mostly of high plateaus and the Sahara Desert. Geography Nearly four times the size of Texas and the largest country on the continent, Algeria is bordered on the west by Morocco and Western Sahara and on the east by Tunisia and Libya. Algeria Bordering Countries: Industrialization, population growth, the war of independence, and the civil war of the 1990s have left their traces in the landscape and the ecosystem. Important to this success has been the involvement of the local communities, for whom the desert also brings new economic opportunities, as the parks have become main tourist destinations. Algeria’s climatic regions and landscapes can be divided into four sections … Morocco is geographically located in Northern Africa along the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. The variety of animals shown in these pictures is a good indication of the very different climate prevailing then. The Senate or Council of the Nation (Conseil Nationale, 144 seats) comprises representatives from the country’s provinces (wilayat, sing. Major oil and gas fields lie in the northern Sahara. miles), it is the tenth largest country in the world. Topography of Algeria : 12 cities 1. The 462-member Lower Chamber, or People’s National Assembly (Assemblee Populaire Nationale), is elected directly. Annaba 342,703 5. Currently Algeria is the twelfth largest exporter of petroleum in the world. km, Tamanghasset is the largest province. Oil reserves are about 1 percent of proven global reserves. State Borders An important future resource is solar energy generated in the desert regions. Until 1962 the economy was based largely on agriculture and complemented France’s economy. Solar energy Some fifteen installations have been planned, about half of which have been completed. Domestic consumption per capita is, however, lower than in other gas-producing countries, leaving a relatively large share for export. Since the division of Sudan in 2011, Algeria is the largest country of Africa. Algeria consists of two main geographical regions: the coastal and mountain zone in the north, and the Sahara in the south. The southern borders, drawn in the Sahara desert, are not easily guarded, providing opportunities for smuggling and illegal migration. The most populated areas in the coastal plains lie on the edge of this zone. Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Mali, The Niger, Western Sahara, Mauritania. Algerie is the largest country in Africa and covers an area of 2332164km2.It extands from Mediterranean coast through the Sahara to Sahelian Acacia Savanna in the extreme south.More than 90% of humain populations of 25 million live in the Mediterranean region, which covers only about 15% of the country’s are.This region comprises a fertile coastal strip and two parallel … Some places are extremely prone to disaster, such as the city that was known as Orleansville in colonial times. The high plateaus stretch for more than 372 miles (600 km) and consist of undulating, steppe-like plains averaging 3,608 - 4,265 ft (1,100 - 1,300 m) and dropping to 1,312 ft (400 m) as you move east. Most oil products now go to the growing domestic market, making the oil industry a less important source of external revenue. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north, and to the south are Mauritania, Mali, and Niger. Attempts to bring steppe areas under cultivation have resulted in the depletion of the soils, and ecosystems are being changed by desertification. Over the last decade, large investments have been made in the development of desalination plants. A geological feature that has occasionally affected the country severely is the location of northern Algeria in the zone where the African and European tectonic plates meet, resulting in a high risk of earthquakes. Its Arabic name, Al Jazair (the islands), derives from the name of the capital Algiers (Al Jazair in Arabic), after the small islands formerly found in its harbor. miles (6,700 sq km). The programme may allow all the parties involved to reduce their great dependence on the trade and use of hydrocarbons, which are pollutants and contribute to global warming. With an area of 336,839 sq. Geography of Algeria. In the west, the string of oasis towns in the Touat region have been important staging posts for the trans-Saharan trade for hundreds of years. Given these limited economic possibilities, many inhabitants of the plains have moved to the cities and towns, which have grown considerably as a result of this migration. The climate in the north is typically Mediterranean: summers are generally hot, and winters are moderate but can be very rainy. As the Prime Meridian passes through the country, it has territory in both the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. South of the higher Atlas peaks, the lower rainfall makes for far less vegetation and animal life. These natural parks also have economic value through their appeal to tourists. After that disaster it was rebuilt and renamed Chlef. During French rule, the country became a major supplier of wine and of fruits such as oranges. Most successful has been the designation of national parks, mainly in the south. Attempts to bring steppe areas under cultivation have resulted in the depletion of the soils, and ecosystems are being changed by desertification. The major parks are the Hoggar Mountains near Tamanrasset, and the Tassili n’Ajjer area near the south-eastern city of Djanet. Wild boar and the occasional bear survive here, as do the often more visible groups of monkeys. Algeria is a country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Being on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, the land of Algeria was part of some of the great Mediterranean empires over the course of history. The country also has a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea to the north. It is Africa's second-largest country with 1,200km (750 miles) of coastline. In order to promote extraction of these resources, the government has offered mining companies from Canada, China, and Australia favourable terms for investment in the country. Far from being a uniform mass of sand, the Algerian Sahara offers a varied landscape of mountain ranges, sand dunes, rocky plateaus, and oases filled with thousands of palm trees. The government is trying to improve the situation by building or reconstructing dams to create water reserves. In the Tassili n’Ajjer region in the far south-east, the very rare (and endangered) Saharan cypress and Sahara myrtle can be found. Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the southeast by Niger, to the southwest by Mali, Mauritania, and the Western Saharan territory, to the west by Morocco, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. But even the desert is far from lifeless, as it contains many plants and animals that have adapted to the harsh environment, making efficient use of the scarce water resources. Algeria consists of three main geographical zones, each with its own climate. The highest point of the country is Mt. It is bordered by Algeria and Western Sahara. The Numidians were known for their army which rode horses, or cavalry. Media in category "Geography of Algeria" The following 44 files are in this category, out of 44 total. The Sahara is very hot in summer, with temperatures that can reach more than 50˚C. Economy. Algeria’s Geography and Environment Algeria is the second largest country in Africa and it spans all the way from the Mediterranean Sea to the Sahara Desert. Algeria is one of the few countries in the world that can say it owes no other country. After independence, the devastation of the war and the government’s orientation towards the buildup of industry led to a neglect of the region’s agricultural potential. This programme, managed by the army, has been only partly successful. It is located in the Northern Hemisphere. The Tassili n’Ajjer (‘plain of rivers’) still contains much groundwater, held in the sandstone that predominates there. Wine grapes, one of the main products in colonial times, are still being grown, particularly in the region of Mascara, in the north-west. Lake Chott Melrhir is an endorheic (closed basin) salt lake whose size varies throughout the year, yet is the largest lake in Algeria with its maximum area about 2,600 sq. The water supplies in the plains area are concentrated in natural reservoirs. Throughout history, the Atlas has allowed rural communities in mountain valleys and in remote desert and plain regions to live isolated from the rest of the country. The Tell. This has resulted particularly in an increase in the production of gold. Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa with an area of 1,240,192 sq. It is situated on the Mediterranean coast of Africa about midway between Tangier and Tunis, opposite Majorca. In the 1970s especially, the government put much effort into creating a ‘green barrier’ of trees at the borders of the Sahara in order to slow down the desert’s northward expansion. Most of the cities in Algeria are near the coast. Ten new provinces were added as of December 2019 : Timimoune, Bordj Badji Mokhtar, Ouled Djellal, Beni Abbes, In Salah, In Guezzam, Touggourt, Djanet, El-Meghaier and El-Menia. Algérie, officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, republic (2015 est. Environmental Issues. This casts doubt on the short-term feasibility of DESERTEC, although the longer-term advantages still seem clear. The environment is under threat from many directions. Al Djazair, Fr. Algeria’s Struggling Economy in Perspective, Wave of Labour Protests Paralyzes Algeria, Algeria’s Economy Continues to Struggle as Diversification Efforts Flounder, Algeria Looks to Solar Energy to Meet Growing Electricity Demand. WorksheetWorks.com is an online resource used every day by thousands of teachers, students and parents. The fertile Tell is the country's heartland, containing most of its cities and population. wilaya); one-third of the members are appointed by the President. With the onset of the financial and economic crisis in Europe and, from 2011, political turmoil in North Africa, many investors have hesitated to honour their commitments. With 2.2 percent of the world’s proven natural gas reserves, Algeria is less important than major producers such as Russia, Iran, and Qatar. The acquired copyright protected images used on/as featured image of this page are: STRINGER ©AFP | STRINGER ©AFP | ©Fanack | ©Fanack. Biodiversity and Natural Environment Stay up to date with the weekly newsletter! The production of oil began in 1956 in the desert region of Hassi Messaoud. Natural Resources Underground water resources made possible permanent settlement of communities in oasis towns. The surface of the desert has several remarkable features. In contrast, the High Plains that extend south of the Atlas get far less rain. The most famous products are the dates from the regions of Tolga and Biskra; they are the most important export product after oil and gas. It also still shares borders with two enclaves that are considered a part of Spain—Ceuta and Melilla. In 2003 a major earthquake hit the region of Boumerdès, close to the capital, where a thousand people lost their lives and buildings were destroyed. Water is scarce, both in the desert and in the heavily populated north. World Facts Index > Algeria > Geography Map of Algeria. Blank outline map of Algeria. This caused problems in the postcolonial era, when Morocco claimed large parts of south-western Algeria, leading to the brief ‘War of the Sands’ in 1963. In most cases, the borders were delineated by the European colonial powers, especially France. An alternative though more expensive option is to produce drinking water from seawater by desalination. km. by themeparktour | Posted on March 3, 2019 April 11, 2020. Algeria has a bicameral Parliament. Many species survive in refuges in the nearby mountainous regions, where oaks, pines, and the Atlas cedar abound. Border issues between Algeria and Libya were more easily resolved. The desert contains significant groundwater reserves that permit palm trees and some other crops to grow. Desert lakes? This page was last updated on November 9, 2020, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Countries Receiving The Least Development Assistance, The 10 Largest City Parks In The United States. This programme, managed by the army, has been only partly successful. Four-fifths of the country lies in the Sahara desert. The northern cities have long suffered from shortages of drinking water during the summer. Algeria is bordered by seven countries. The Hoggar and Tassili n’Ajjer parks are of great value in sustaining the fragile desert ecosystems. Algiers ( 2,364,230) 2. The country also has substantial reserves of iron ore (which has formed the basis of the Algerian steel industry), and precious metals such as gold, and diamonds. The Atlas Mountains are home to nut and fruit trees as well. The desert may appear harsh and unwelcoming at first sight, but it contains many treasures. Please contact us in case of omissions concerning copyright-protected work. El Oued (called the town of a thousand domes) and Biskra, in north-eastern Algeria, are major date-producing regions. The Atlas Mountains are never far from the coastal plains, and the rocks seem, in some places, to plunge right into sea. Nature Reserves The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is Africa's largest country, stretching from the Sahara desert to the Mediterranean Sea. GEOGRAPHY Algeria is the largest country in Africa and located on the Mediterranean coast between Morocco and Tunisia. These are Tunisia, Libya, and Niger to the northeast, east, and southeast respectively. Exploration of Saharan areas further south revealed other important hydrocarbon reserves in the regions of In Salah and In Amenas. Many bays are formed where the mountains reach the sea. Algeria is involved in the international DESERTEC programme, which aims to make solar energy from North Africa available to European electricity grids. Algeria are near the south-eastern city of Djanet of rivers ’ ) still much! Country is … Topography of Algeria happy with it colonial powers, especially France these are... 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