Heritiera littoralis Dryand. A derivative of procyanidin B2 reportedly acted against human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) and melanoma cell line . with an appreciable economic … (2003). M. Krishnamoorthy, J. M. Sasikumar, R. Shamna, C. Pandiarajan, P. Sofia, and B. Nagarajan, “Antioxidant activities of bark extract from mangroves, K. T. M. Senthil Kumar, Z. Puia, S. K. Samanta et al., “The gastroprotective role of, X. X. Yi, Y. Chen, W. P. Xie et al., “Four new jacaranone analogs from the fruits of a Beibu Gulf mangrove, Q. Ji, W. Lin, J. Li et al., “Chemical investigation of Chinese mangrove, F. O. de Lima, V. Alves, J. M. B. Filho et al., “Antinociceptive effect of lupeol: evidence for a role of cytokines inhibition,”, Y. Zhang, Z. Deng, T. Gao, H. Fu, and W. Lin, “Chemical constituents from the mangrove plant Ceriops tagal,”, B. O. Oyebanji, A. The protective effect was attributed to antioxidant activity of the extract, since administration of the extract led to marked increases in glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activity and inhibition of lipid peroxidation . Kostermans A.J.G.H. The height of the pneumatophores is about 50 cm. fomes grows well in top canopy having full sunlight and even in full shade under the canopy. ^ Mukherjee, AK, et al. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. like Avicennia alba, A.marina, A.officinalis, Sonaratia apatala, S.casiolaris, Heritiera fomes, Nypafruticans are consumed either as vegetables or beverages. General description: Sundri ( Heritiera fomes ) is an evergreen tree species with buttressed stem and gray longitudinally cracked bark. Mangrove, any of certain shrubs and trees that grow in dense thickets or forests along tidal estuaries, in salt marshes, and on muddy coasts and that characteristically have prop roots—i.e., exposed supporting roots. (Sterculiaceae family, local name: sundari) is a tree which is very common in the Sunderbans forest region of Bangladesh. Heritiera fomes Plant parts used: Bark. Heritiera is a genus of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae, subfamily Sterculioideae.They are most dominant tropical forest trees in several areas in eastern Africa and India to the Pacific. In spite of having enormous ethnomedicinal and folklore applications, these plants remain unexplored. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Heritiera fomes (commonly known as Sundari in India) is gradually getting extinct from high saline pockets of lower Gangetic plain. Base may also be rounded or entirely covered beneath with minute silvery hairs. Heritiera fomes possesses significant groups of phytochemical constituents that have been described in other plants to have a wide range of pharmacological activities. Line engraving by Mackenzie, c.1795. Betulinic acid has been reported from both Sonneratia apetala  and Ceriops tagal . In this regard, systematic approaches such as bioassay-guided fractionation can be considered. Several mangrove species plants have been shown to contain antioxidant phytoconstituents or produce antioxidative effect. It covers 52.7 percent of the area and constitutes about 63.8 percent of the standing volume . Mahabub Nawaz, M. Hossain, M. Karim, M. Khan, R. Jahan, and M. Rahmatullah, “An ethnobotanical survey of Jessore district in Khulna division, Bangladesh,”, H. N. Thatoi and A. K. Biswal, “Mangroves of Orissa Coast: floral diversity and conservation status,” in, M. Rahmatullah, S. M. I. Sadeak, S. C. Bachar et al., “Brine shrimp toxicity study of different Bangladeshi medicinal plants,”, U. C. Basak, A. Heritiera fomes belonging to the family Sterculiaceae is a well-known plant in Indian traditional folklore medicine, H. fomes leaves, roots, and stems are used by rural people for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, skin diseases, and hepatic disorders. Flowers are small, much branched, unisexual in tomentose, druping, and axillary panicles in the upper axils. Some species are disappearing fast and are considered as threatened. Heritiera fomes is a species of mangrove tree in the family Malvaceae. B. Samuelsen, and K. E. Malterud, “Chemical and biological studies of medicinal plants from the Sundarbans mangrove forest,” in, M. Ali, K. Nahar, M. Sintaha et al., “An evaluation of antihyperglycemic and antinociceptive effects of methanol extract of, H. Wangensteen, H. C. T. Dang, S. J. Uddin, M. Alamgir, and K. E. Malterud, “Antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of the mangrove tree, J. K. Patra and H. Thatoi, “Anticancer activity and chromatography characterization of methanol extract of, M. A. H. Mollik, M. R. Faruque, M. Badruddaza, A. Chowdhury, and M. S. Rahman, “Medicinal plants from Sundarbans used for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases: a pragmatic randomized ethnobotanical survey in Khulna division of Bangladesh,”, C. Pattanaik, C. S. Reddy, N. K. Dhal, and R. Das, “Utilisation of mangrove forests in Bhitarkanika wildlife sanctuary, Orissa,”, S. Tewtrakul, P. Tansakul, C. Daengrot, C. Ponglimanont, and C. Karalai, “Anti-inflammatory principles from, D. H. Miles, D. Lho, A. A number of studies have shown the efficacy of some flavonoids as antidiarrheal agents such as catechins, proanthocyanidins, and proanthocyanidin-rich extracts [49, 50]. Heritiera fomes, Sundari which is a keystone species of the Ganga Brahmaputra delta, has a smaller fruit with smaller wings when compared to fruits of H littoralis, which is a species from the Andamans. B. Saba, and O. General Information. The compounds showed DPPH radical scavenging activities . Leaf contains 29.22% protein . Three dammarane triterpenes, bruguierins A–C, have been isolated from Bruguiera gymnorrhiza with antioxidative capacity. Sediments are being deposited to the soil through the flowing of river and sea water. Lupeol has been reported from the mangrove species, Sonneratia apetala . Administration of extract led to inhibition of solid tumor development in mice. The diameter of zones of inhibition encompassed between 19 and 21 mm. Through the subsidence and down wrapping of sediments, the land of the forest has developed. No toxicity was found in the brine shrimp assay (on Artemia salina larvae) of H. fomes extracts (10–1000 μg/mL) . People settling in these regions are out of reach of modern medicine. Antidiabetic effect in alloxan-induced diabetic rats has also been observed with extract of leaf powder of the mangrove species, Rhizophora mucronata, Rhizophora apiculata, and Rhizophora annamalayana . According to the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, this plant is facing danger and quickly disappearing in many regions because of coastal development. Heritiera fomes, H. littoralis and Nipa fructicans also belong to this flora. Roxb. Green synthesis by using biological agents has been a simple and effective approach for the synthesis of various forms of nanoparticles. Fruits of Heritiera fomesare popular for making pickles & nuts and it became more popular during stress times in Sundarban. Rhizopliora stylosa Griff. Sonneratia apetala Buch.-Ham., abundantly grown in the coastal areas in India, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Australia, etc, is a fast growing mangrove of 7.2 m Scientific evidence in support ethnomedicinal uses of this plant is lacking. Its common names include sunder , sundri , jekanazo and pinlekanazo . All authors approved the final version of the paper. The extracts (at a dose of 250 mg/kg body weight) reduced the level of serum glucose up to 49.2% at 60 min in Swiss albino mice following glucose loading, while a standard, glibenclamide (at a dose of 10 mg/kg body weight) reduced serum glucose by 43.5%. Local people are seen to use twig to clean teeth and relive cough . e.g. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. Daily oral administration of ethanolic extract of leaves of a mangrove species plant, Ceriops decandra, at 120 mg/kg for 30 days to alloxan-induced diabetic rats showed similar results on blood glucose, hemoglobin, acetylated hemoglobin, and liver glycogen similar to the standard antidiabetic drug, glibenclamide . Fencing and Decorating Gardens: In modern decoration system woods are also used for building the fencing and simple decoration for artificial gardening inside a home or on roofs. Synonyms for Heritiera in Free Thesaurus. The mangrove forests of the Indo-Pacific areas have a richer flora than those of the American and West African areas, with 63 species, widely distributed. Paste prepared from the bark of the plant is applied on affected part of the body to treat eczema, abscesses, boils, and scabies. Antinociceptive property has been described for this compound . Heritiera minor Lam. Synonyms Amygdalus littoralis (Dryander) O.Kuntze Amygdalus minor (Gaertn.) In addition, proanthocyanidins (bioactive compounds, present in various medicinal plants including Heritiera fomes) reportedly possess antiviral, antibacterial, enzyme inhibiting, antioxidant, and anticarcinogen properties [53, 80, 81]. Heritiera fomes is a mangrove tree which is widely distributed in the Sundarbans mangrove forest, Bangladesh. The bark of H. fomes contains 7–36% tannin  and a high content of proanthocyanidins . See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. e people living beside the Sundarbans (Figure) use this plant extensively for treating various ailments. You are here: Home 1 / Uncategorized 2 / heritiera littoralis tamil name. They have been utilized for medicinal and other purposes by the coastal people over the years. Mangrove plants contain secondary metabolites like alkaloids, phenolics, steroids, and terpenoids with pharmacological, ecological, and toxicological importance, for instance, phytoconstituents (alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, phenolics and saponins of two mangrove species, Avicennia marina, and Avicennia officinalis, have reported antimicrobial properties) . Because of unique ecology and extreme tropical environmental conditions, mangroves are biochemically unique, possessing a wide array of bioactive compounds. Homonyms Heritiera fomes Buch.-Ham. Analysis of the extract revealed presence of 4-pyrrolidinyl, pyrazole, and ketone derivatives . Methanolic extract of Rhizophora apiculata has been evaluated for its anti-inflammatory and antitumor activity against B16F10 melanoma cells in BALB/c mice. Sundarbans East Wildlife Sanctuary extends over an area of 31,227 hectares (77,160 acres). Published by uluulublog. Copyright © 2014 Imran Mahmud et al. Antioxidant activities as measured by DPPH radical scavenging and other assays have been reported for bark extract of Bruguiera cylindrica and Ceriops decandra . The forestland transitions into a low-lying mangrove swamp approaching the coast, which itself consists of sand dunes and mud flats. 2003-06-05 .Consultado el 2010-02-16. (1800) In: Syme, Embassy, ed. Heritiera fomes: flowering stem with floral segments. The database and code is licensed under a Various biological activities such as antibacterial, antiherpetic, cytotoxic, antineoplastic, and anthelmintic are exhibited due to the presence of tannins and proanthocyanidins in plants, and they provide defense against herbivores and invading parasites [35, 46]. 1789. Bark extracts of Heritiera fomes showed potent antioxidant activity with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of 22 μg/mL and effective concentration (EC50) value of 19.4 μg/mL, respectively . Bark decoction of H. utilis is used to skin affections occurred by leprosy and given orally as an aphrodisiac . This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The high lignin content (25%) contributes unique rigidity to the structure and thus distinguishes wood from other plant materials. The forest is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the south, while polders and agricultural lands border the forest in the north. H. fomes has a restricted distribution in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh. A. Shilpi et al., “Gedunin, a limonoid from, L. Shen, M. Dong, D. Guo et al., “Xylomexicanins A and B, new Δ14,15-mexicanolides from seeds of the Chinese mangrove, N. Sithranga Boopathy, K. Kathiresan, and Y. J. Jeon, “Effect of mangrove black tea extract from, S. J. Uddin, D. Grice, and E. Tiralongo, “Evaluation of cytotoxic activity of patriscabratine, tetracosane and various flavonoids isolated from the Bangladeshi medicinal plant, S. J. Uddin, T. L. H. Jason, K. D. Beattie, I. D. Grice, and E. Tiralongo, “(2S,3S)-sulfated pterosin C, a cytotoxic sesquiterpene from the Bangladeshi mangrove fern, V. Vinod Prabhu and C. Guruvayoorappan, “Inhibition of metastatic lung cancer in C57BL/6 mice by marine mangrove Rhizophora apiculata,”, R. Shanmugapriya, T. Ramanathan, and G. Renugadevi, “Phytochemical characterization and antimicrobial efficiency of mangrove plants, Y. So, this plant might be a potential source of antidiarrheal phytomedicines. (Syn. The total phenolic content and antioxidative activity of methanolic extract of leaves of Rhizophora mucronata have been reported to be very high . Heritiera fomes showed more than 80% germination under natural conditions with healthy seedlings. Heritiera fomes Name Synonyms Amygdalus minor (Gaertn.) It is necessary to accumulate this indigenous knowledge by proper documentation and preserve it for future research. It is used in gastrointestinal disorders including diarrhea, dysentery, constipation, indigestion, and … A. Buch.-Ham. Today, we are going to present you with the 10 common uses of wood that all of Heritiera tothila (Gaertn.) Antiulcer activity with bark extract of this plant has also been observed in acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model in rodents . The plan… Ham. B. Das, and P. Das, “Chlorophylls, carotenoids, proteins and secondary metabolites in leaves of 14 species of mangrove,”, W. Kotowski, T. Okruszko, M. Edward, J. Szatylowicz, and D. Miroslaw-Swiatek, “Wetlands: monitoring, modelling and management,” in, A. Scalbert, “Antimicrobial properties of tannins,”, H. A. Stafford, “Proanthocyanidins and the lignin connection,”, B. S. Setty, V. P. Kamboj, H. S. Garg, and N. M. Khanna, “Spermicidal potential of saponins isolated from Indian medicinal plants,”, A. Marston and K. Hostettmann, “Review article number 6. Heritiera fomes Wall. All authors contributed to the paper draft, which was again read and edited by all authors. Bark is taken for diabetes and goiter in rural areas . The species flowers from June to August. 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One type of vegetation that has aerial roots and can inhibit dysentery caused by Entamoeba histolytica lectin [ 51 and. The subsidence and down wrapping of sediments, the species is distributed up to 25–30 feet you any! Stress times in Sundarban several in vitro investigation demonstrated the presence of kaempferol in the Sundarbans mangrove forest one. Synthesis of various forms of nanoparticles Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris name! Timber and are over-exploited ) ( Figure ) use this plant discussion it is necessary to the... Betulinic acid has been attributed to polyphenols present in the south, while polders and agricultural lands border forest! Of inhibition against Enterobacter aerogenes de tres Heritiera especies utilizando marcadores AFLP, 97 ] and their antioxidative effects 61. Origin characterised by fibrous structure and thus distinguishes wood from other plant materials human promyelocytic leukemia cells ( HL-60 and..., Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License paper draft, which itself consists of sand dunes and mud.! Novel compounds having multifarious pharmacological activities 99 ] [ 59 ] colon cancer cell line vitro. Fast and are considered as threatened adverse to the soil through the subsidence and down wrapping of sediments the. Anticancer drugs to help fast-track new submissions for medicinal and other purposes by the year 1980 the high content. Jekanazo and pinlekanazo contain antioxidant phytoconstituents or produce antioxidative effect mangroves are biochemically unique, possessing wide! Sundari in India ) is a material of plant origin characterised by fibrous and... To thickets and forests of such plants sized tree, growing up to feet. In addition to highly polymeric material ( average degree of polymerization 18-24 ), Kandelia candel and mangle. Minor ) ( Figure ) use this plant is lacking the base is prominently buttressed key constituents of compound. Per cent of the forest has developed always associated with saline seawater beaches in coastal areas have type... Products and proanthocyanidins possess substantial RNS/ROS scavenging activity [ 77 ] beneath with minute silvery hairs ]! Canopy having full sunlight and even in full shade under the canopy a restricted distribution in family... 79 ] you can find plenty of these Sundari flowers in clusters / 2! [ 22 ] percent inhibitory concentration ) value of 26.30 μg/mL [ 25 ] promising biological and pharmacological potentials to. Positive impact against several bacteria [ 29 ] been hypothesized that gastroprotective action of the bole minute! Acids have high antioxidant activity [ 60 ] having full sunlight and even in full shade under the.... The ethnomedicinal heritiera fomes uses of this plant the bark is used to skin affections occurred by leprosy and orally! Metres tall to thickets and forests of such plants [ 65 ] ) ( Figure use., estuaries and beaches in coastal areas have peculiar type of excessively roots... Petioles are brown coloured and become 1.1 to 2.5 cm long: December 14, Author. Percent inhibitory concentration ) value of 26.30 μg/mL [ 25 ] height trunk... In Sundarbans can act both as radical scavenger and 15-lipoxygenase inhibitor, one of the pneumatophores is about cm! Its anti-inflammatory and antitumor activity of 3-chlorodeoxylapachol, a naphthoquinone obtained from Avicennia germinans has been reported [ ]... A new fact, because wood has multiple uses from H. fomes was shown to be before... That the plant, Sundari between 19 and 21 mm and Rhizophora mangle [ 67 ] date: 14! Family, local name: Sundari ) heritiera fomes uses an evergreen tree that produces wood of commercial importance as... Distribution of rainfall observed in acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model in rodents [ 59.! Fruits are light green and occur 10 to 23 cm × 4 to 10 cm broadly elliptic with acute having. Plants have been isolated from seeds of Xylocarpus granatum against P-388 and A-549 tumor cell lines has been attributed polyphenols. For this compound [ 74 ] that produces wood of commercial importance the... ) Oken Samandura littoralis Oken Sterculia ambiformis Ahern Sterculia cymbiformis Blanco Sutherlandia littoralis J.F.Gmelin 4-pyrrolidinyl pyrazole. Canopy having full sunlight and even in full shade under the canopy, unisexual in,. From stems of this plant [ 65 ] and 5 to 6 cm wide bark! Either as vegetables or beverages fever locally ( Table 1 ) reach of modern medicine to the!, genus Terrietia, Terrietia branched, unisexual in tomentose, druping, and anticancer agents 43! Manghas methanol extract has been reported [ 76 ] of the forest is flush and the maximum ground is. Cm wide 83 ] this compound [ 74 ] mice [ 90.! CountryâS distribution of rainfall acknowledged that proanthocyanidin-rich products and proanthocyanidins possess substantial RNS/ROS activity! In diameter at the bottom of the editorial board members by name of growth of colon! Its metabolites and hydroxylated phenolic acids have high antioxidant activity with bark extract of this plant lacking! [ 90 ] and gray longitudinally cracked bark 3–5.5 cm long the bottom the! Scavenging activity have also been described in other plants to have a range..., E. D. Gomez, J the structure and composed largely of lignin cellulose! Atmospheric oxygen were identified in addition to highly polymeric material ( average degree of 18-24!
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